Facts About Ghana | Ghana Facts Info Stuff
Here are some interesting facts about Ghana - Category: Introduction - Background: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. Kufuor is constitutionally barred from running for a third term in upcoming Presidential elections, which are scheduled for December 2008.
Category: Government - Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK)
Category: People - Population below poverty line (%): 28.5% (2007 estimate)
Category: Economy - Electricity - production (kWh): 8.204 billion kWh (2006 estimate)
Category: Geography - Irrigated land (sq km): 310 sq km (2003)
Category: Transportation - Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 5; 914 to 1,523 m: 3; under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Category: Communications - Telephone system: general assessment: outdated and unreliable fixed-line infrastructure heavily concentrated in Accra; competition among multiple mobile-cellular providers has spurred growth with subscribership about 35 per 100 persons and rising; domestic: primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed; international: country code - 233; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay link to Panaftel system connects Ghana to its neighbors (2007)
Category: Military - Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 3,737,481; females age 16-49: 3,729,699 (2008 estimate)
Category: Transnational Issues - Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; major transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined for Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine and cannabis use
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- Economy - Economy - overview: Well endowed with natural resources, Ghana has roughly twice the per capita output of the poorest countries in West Africa. Even so, Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold and cocoa production, and individual remittances, are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy continues to revolve around agriculture, which accounts for about 35% of GDP and employs about 55% of the work force, mainly small landholders. Ghana opted for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) program in 2002, and is also benefiting from the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative that took effect in 2006. Thematic priorities under its current Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy, which also provides the framework for development partner assistance, are: macroeconomic stability; private sector competitiveness; human resource development; and good governance and civic responsibility. Sound macro-economic management along with high prices for gold and cocoa helped sustain GDP growth in 2007. Ghana signed a Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact in 2006, which aims to assist in transforming Ghana's agricultural sector.
- Government - Capital: name: Accra; geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W; time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
- People - Age structure (%): 0-14 years: 37.8% (male 4,470,382/female 4,360,359); 15-64 years: 58.7% (male 6,852,363/female 6,866,470); 65 years and over: 3.6% (male 386,150/female 447,124) (2008 estimate)
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Source: CIA - The World Factbook https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2028.html